Table of Contents
For definitions of "Civil Reserve Air Fleet" and "Voluntary Intermodal Sealift
Agreement," see Joint Pub 1-02, DoD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. See additional information at PGI 247.001 for the Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement program.
(Added June 29, 2012)
(h) Shipping documents covering f.o.b. origin shipments.
(i) Procedures for the contractor to obtain bills of lading are in the clause at 252.247-7028, Application for U.S. Government Shipping Documentation/ Instructions.
(ii) The term commercial bills of lading includes the use of any commercial form or procedure.
(Revised June 28, 2019)
This subpart does not apply to the operation of vessels owned by, or bareboat chartered by, the Government. See additional guidance at PGI 247.200 for procurement of transportation or related services.
Consistent with FAR 15.304 and 215.304, consider using the following as evaluation factors or subfactors:
(1) Record of claims involving loss or damage; and
(2) Commitment of transportation assets to readiness support (e.g., Civil Reserve Air Fleet and Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement).
(1) Use the clause at 252.247-7003, Pass-Through of Motor Carrier Fuel Surcharge Adjustment to the Cost Bearer, in solicitations and contracts for carriage in which a motor carrier, broker, or freight forwarder will provide or arrange truck transportation services that provide for a fuel-related adjustment.
(2) Use the clause at 252.247-7028, Application for U.S. Government Shipping Documentation/Instructions, when shipping under Bills of Lading and Domestic Route Order under FOB origin contracts, Export Traffic Release regardless of FOB terms, or foreign military sales shipments.
(a) Commodity rate is—
(1) The price quoted for handling a ton (weight or measurement) of a specified commodity; and
(2) Computed by dividing the hourly stevedoring gang cost by the estimated number of tons of the specified commodity that can be handled in one hour.
(b) Gang cost is—
(1) The total hourly wages paid to the workers in the gang, in accordance with the collective bargaining agreement between the maritime industry and the unions at a specific port; and
(2) Payments for workmen's compensation, social security taxes, unemployment insurance, taxes, liability and property damage insurance, general and administrative expenses, and profit.
(c) Stevedoring is the—
(1) Loading of cargo from an agreed point of rest on a pier or lighter and its storage aboard a vessel; or
(2) Breaking out and discharging of cargo from any space in the vessel to an agreed point of rest dockside or in a lighter.
(a) Because conditions vary at different ports, and sometimes within the same portit is not practical to develop standard technical provisions covering all phases of stevedoring operations.
(b) When including rail car, truck, or intermodal equipment loading and unloading, or other dock and terminal work under a stevedoring contract, include these requirements as separate items of work.
As a minimum, require that offers include—
(a) Tonnage or commodity rates that apply to the bulk of the cargo worked under normal conditions;
(b) Labor-hour rates that apply to services not covered by commodity rates, or to work performed under hardship conditions; and
(c) Rates for equipment rental.
Use the following clauses in solicitations and contracts for stevedoring services as indicated:
(a) 252.247-7000, Hardship Conditions.
(b) 252.247-7002, Revision of Prices, when using negotiation.
(c) 252.247-7007, Liability and Insurance.
(a) Annual contracts. Normally—
(1) Use requirements contracts to acquire services for the—
(i) Preparation of personal property for shipment or storage; and
(ii) Performance of intra-area movement.
(2) Award contracts on a calendar year basis.
(3) Provide for option years.
(4) Award contracts, or exercise option years, before November 1 of each year, if possible.
(b) Areas of performance. Define clearly in the solicitation each area of performance.
(1) Establish one or more areas; however, hold the number to a minimum consistent with local conditions.
(2) Each schedule may provide for the same or different areas of performance. Determine the areas as follows—
(i) Use political boundaries, streets, or any other features as lines of demarcation. Consider such matters as—
(A) Total volume;
(B) Size of overall area; and
(C) The need to service isolated areas of high population density.
(ii) Specifically identify frequently used terminals, and consider them as being included in each area of performance described in the solicitation.
(c) Maximum requirements-minimum capability. The contracting officer must—
(1) Establish realistic quantities on the Estimated Quantities Report in DoD 4500.9-R, Defense Transportation Regulation, Part IV;
(2) Ensure that the Government's minimum acceptable daily capability—
(i) Will at least equal the maximum authorized individual weight allowance as prescribed by the Joint Federal Travel Regulations; and
(ii) Will encourage maximum participation of small business concerns as offerors.
Follow the procedures at PGI 247.271-2 for contracting for the preparation of personal property for shipment or storage.
When acquiring services for the preparation of personal property for movement or storage, or for performance of intra-city or intra-area movement, use the following provisions, clauses, and schedules. Revise solicitation provisions and schedules, as appropriate, if using negotiation rather than sealed bidding. Overseas commands, except those in Alaska and Hawaii, may modify these clauses to conform to local practices, laws, and regulations.
(a) In solicitations and resulting contracts, the schedules provided by theinstallation personal property shipping office. Follow the procedures at PGI 247.271-3(c) for use of schedules.
(b) In addition to designating each ordering activity, as required by the clause at
FAR 52.216-18, Ordering, identify by name or position title the individuals authorized to place orders for each activity. When provisions are made for placing oral orders in accordance with FAR 16.504(a)(4)(vii)), document the oral orders in accordance with department or agency instructions.
(c) The clause at 252.247-7014, Demurrage. See additional information at
PGI 247.271-3(c)(1) for demurrage and detention charges.
(d) The clause at 252.247-7016, Contractor Liability for Loss and Damage.
(e) The clauses at FAR 52.247-8, Estimated Weight or Quantities Not Guaranteed, and FAR 52.247-13, Accessorial Services--Moving Contracts.
(Revised September 13, 2019)
See PGI 247.301 for transportation guidance relating to Government Purchase Card purchases.
"Integrated logistics managers" or "third-party logistics providers" means providers of multiple logistics services. Some examples of logistics services are the management of transportation, demand forecasting, information management, inventory maintenance, warehousing, and distribution.
For contracts that will include a significant requirement for transportation of items outside the contiguous United States, include an evaluation factor or subfactor that favors suppliers, third-party logistics providers, and integrated logistics managers that commit to using carriers that participate in one of the readiness programs (e.g., Civil Reserve Air Fleet and Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement).
Follow the procedures at PGI 247.305-10 for preparation of consignment instructions.
The transportation office of the shipping activity prepares the DD Form 1384 to accompany all shipments made through a military air or water port, in accordance with DoD 4500.9-R, Defense Transportation Regulation, Part II, Chapter 203. A link to this document is available in PGI 247.370.
The transportation specialist prepares the DD Form 1653 to accompany requirements for the acquisition of supplies. The completed form should contain recommendations for suitable f.o.b. terms and other suggested transportation provisions for inclusion in the solicitation.
Contracting personnel may use the DD Form 1654 to furnish information to thetransportation office for development of cost factors for use by the contracting officer in the evaluation of f.o.b. origin offers.
(Revised February 15, 2019)
(1) The Cargo Preference Act of 1904 ("the 1904 Act"), 10 U.S.C. 2631, which applies to the ocean transportation of cargo owned by, or destined for use by, DoD;
(2) Section 1017 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Pub. L. 109-364), which requires consideration, in solicitations requiring a covered vessel, of the extent to which offerors have had overhaul, repair, and maintenance work performed in shipyards located in the United States or Guam; and
(3) Section 3504 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Pub. L. 110-417), which addresses requirements that apply to riding gang members and DoD-exempted individuals (see 252.247-7027(c)) who perform work on U.S.-flag vessels under DoD contracts for transportation services documented under chapter 121, title 46 U.S.C.
(b) Does not specifically implement the Cargo Preference Act of 1954 ("the 1954 Act"), 46 U.S.C. 1241(b). The 1954 Act is applicable to DoD, but DFARS coverage is not required because compliance with the 1904 Act historically has resulted in DoD exceeding the 1954 Act's requirements; and
(c) Does not apply to ocean transportation of the following products, in which case FAR Subpart 47.5 applies:
(1) Products obtained for contributions to foreign assistance programs.
(2) Products owned by agencies other than DoD, unless the products are clearly identifiable for eventual use by DoD.
As used in this subpart—
(a) Components, foreign flag vessel, ocean transportation, supplies, and U.S.-flag vessel have the meaning given in the clause at 252.247-7023, Transportation of Supplies by Sea.
(b) Reflagging or repair work has the meaning given in the clause at 252.247-7025, Reflagging or Repair Work.
(c) Covered vessel, foreign shipyard, overhaul, repair, and maintenance work, shipyard, and U.S. shipyard have the meaning given in the provision at 252.247-7026, Evaluation Preference for Use of Domestic Shipyards - Applicable to Acquisition of Carriage by Vessel for DoD Cargo in the Coastwise or Noncontiguous Trade.
(a) In accordance with 10 U.S.C. 2631(a), DoD contractors shall transport supplies, as defined in the clause at 252.247-7023, Transportation of Supplies by Sea, exclusively on U.S.-flag vessels unless—
(1) Those vessels are not available;
(2) The proposed charges to the Government are higher than charges to private persons for the transportation of like goods; or
(3) The proposed freight charges are excessive or unreasonable.
(b) Contracts must provide for the use of Government-owned vessels when security classifications prohibit the use of other than Government-owned vessels.
(c) In accordance with 10 U.S.C. 2631(b)—
(1) Any vessel used under a time charter contract for the transportation of supplies under this section shall have any reflagging or repair work, as defined in the clause at 252.247-7025, Reflagging or Repair Work, performed in the United States or its outlying areas, if the reflagging or repair work is performed—
(i) On a vessel for which the contractor submitted an offer in response to the solicitation for the contract; and
(ii) Prior to acceptance of the vessel by the Government.
(2) The Secretary of Defense may waive this requirement if the Secretary determines that such waiver is critical to the national security of the United States.
(d) In accordance with Section 1017 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Pub. L. 109-364)—
(1) When obtaining carriage requiring a covered vessel, the contracting officer must consider the extent to which offerors have had overhaul, repair, and maintenance work for covered vessels performed in shipyards located in the United States or Guam; and
(2) DoD must submit an annual report to the congressional defense committees, addressing the information provided by offerors with regard to overhaul, repair, and maintenance for covered vessels performed in the United States or Guam.
(e) In accordance with section 3504 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Pub. L. 110-417), DoD may not award, renew or extend, or exercise an option under a charter of, or contract for carriage of cargo by, a U.S.-flag vessel documented under chapter 121 of title 46 U.S.C, unless the contract contains the clause at 252.247-7027.
(a) Delegated authority. Pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 2631(a) and Secretary of Defense Memorandum dated February 7, 2012, (see PGI 247.573) the authority to make determinations of excessive ocean liner rates and excessive charter rates is delegated to—
(1) The Commander, United States Transportation Command, for excessive ocean liner rate determinations; and
(2) The Secretary of the Navy for excessive charter rate determinations.
(1) Contracting officers shall follow the procedures at PGI 247.573(b)(1) when purchase of ocean transportation services is incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction.
(2) Contracting officers shall follow the procedures at PGI 247.573(b)(2) when direct purchase of ocean transportation services is the principal purpose of the contract.
(3) Agency and department procedures relating to annual reporting requirements of information received from offerors in response to solicitation provision 252.247-7026, Evaluation Preference for Use of Domestic Shipyards—Applicable to Acquisition of Carriage by Vessel for DoD Cargo in the Coastwise of Noncontiguous Trade, are found at PGI 247.573(b)(3).
(a)(1) Use the provision at 252.247-7022, Representation of Extent of Transportation by Sea, in all solicitations, including solicitations using FAR part 12 procedures for the acquisition of commercial items, except—
(i) Those for direct purchase of ocean transportation services; or
(ii) Those with an anticipated value at or below the simplified acquisition threshold.
(2) If the solicitation includes the provision at FAR 52.204-7, do not separately list 252.247-7022 in the solicitation.
(b) Use the basic or one of the alternates of the clause at 252.247-7023, Transportation of Supplies by Sea, in all solicitations and contracts, including solicitations and contracts using FAR part 12 procedures for the acquisition of commercial items, except those for direct purchase of ocean transportation services.
(1) Use the basic clause unless any of the supplies to be transported are commercial items that are—
(i) Shipped in direct support of U.S. military contingency operations, exercises, or forces deployed in humanitarian or peacekeeping operations when the contract is not a construction contract; or
(ii) Commissary or exchange cargoes transported outside of the Defense Transportation System when the contract is not a construction contract.
(2) Use the alternate I clause if any of the supplies to be transported are commercial items that are shipped in direct support of U.S. military contingency operations, exercises, or forces deployed in humanitarian or peacekeeping operations when the contract is not a construction contract.
(3) Use the alternate II clause if any of the supplies to be transported are commercial items that are commissary or exchange cargoes transported outside of the Defense Transportation System (10 U.S.C. 2643), when the contract is not a construction contract.
(c) Use the clause at 252.247-7025, Reflagging or Repair Work, in all time charter solicitations and contracts, including time charter solicitations and contracts using FAR part 12 procedures for the acquisition of commercial items, that are for the use of a vessel for the transportation of supplies, unless a waiver has been granted in accordance with 247.572(c)(2).
(d) Use the provision at 252.247-7026, Evaluation Preference for Use of
Domestic Shipyards-Applicable to Acquisition of Carriage by Vessel for DoD Cargo in the Coastwise or Noncontiguous Trade, in solicitations, including solicitations using FAR part 12 procedures for the acquisition of commercial items, that require a covered vessel for carriage of cargo for DoD.
(e) Use the clause at 252.247-7027, Riding Gang Member Requirements, in solicitations and contracts, including solicitations and contracts using FAR part 12 procedures for the acquisition of commercial items, that are for the charter of, or contract for carriage of cargo by, a U.S.-flag vessel documented under chapter 121 of title 46 U.S.C.